Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) has been used in various forms since the 1960s. Today, all Fortune 1000 companies use EDI, as do thousands of other businesses. In the transportation field, big retailers led the way in implementing EDI. In the mid-1980s,
EDI standards emerged, and each type of transaction was given a standard format and identifying number. These standards allow all computers to talk to all other computers in a predictable way.
Shipment information can be electronically sent to carriers, carriers can send back pickup and delivery information, and carriers can bill shippers electronically.